Photo: NOAA Fisheries. Our Passive Acoustics Research Group frequently makes the news. At the turn of the twentieth century whaling became a massive industry. This hotline is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for anyone in the United States. Blue whales occur worldwide in all major oceans except the Arctic1,2. Internationally, blue whales received complete legal protection from commercial whaling in 1966 under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling. After the populations and their threats are more fully understood, this Plan will be modified to include actions to minimize any threats that are determined to be limiting recovery. Dec 24, 2015 - Explore 洋 洋's board "Balaenoptera musculus" on Pinterest. The largest individual measured 110 feet long and nearly 200 tons. Blue whales were killed for blubber, oil, and meat. Brownell, Jr., and G.K. Silber for the … In the northern Indian Ocean, there is a "resident" population. Fish and copepods (tiny crustaceans) may occasionally be part of the blue whale’s diet. for assessing the effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals’ hearing. Over 350,000 whales have been hunted and killed, and … SGCN-classified species include both those with and without legal protection status under the Federal or State Endangered Species programs, as well as game species with low populations. Whale SENSE is a voluntary education and recognition program in the U.S. Atlantic and Alaska Regions. Scientists developed habitat-based model estimates of whale occurrence that combine satellite tracking of whales with information on the environment. Recovery Plan for the Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus), 2019 West Coast Whale Entanglement Summary and Infographic, Large Whale Entanglements off the U.S. West Coast, From 1982–2017, Passive Acoustics Research Group News & Media, Acoustic Studies Sound Board of Marine Mammals in Alaska, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, Report a Stranded or Injured Marine Animal, Learn more about our conservation efforts, Notice of initiation (83 FR 51665, 10/12/2018), Notice of availability of Draft Recovery Plan (83 FR 51665, 10/12/2018), Notice of Intent to Update the Blue Whale Recovery Plan (77 FR 22760, 04/17/201…, Incidental Take Authorization: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Marine Geophysical Survey in the Aleutian Islands, Finding of No Significant Impact (pdf, 14 pages), Incidental Take Authorization: THwaites Offshore Research (THOR) Project in the Amundsen Sea, Antartica, Incidental Take Authorization: Scripps Institute of Oceanography Low-Energy Geophysical Survey in the South Atlantic Ocean, Incidental Take Authorization: Low-Energy Geophysical Survey in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. In 2018, NOAA Fisheries. The largest accurately measured blue whale was a 29.5-metre female that weighed 180 metric tons (nearly 200 short [U.S.] tons), but there are reports of 33-metre catches that … Noise pollution can threaten whale populations, interrupting their normal behavior and driving them away from areas important to their survival. Please visit BeWhaleWise for more specific instructions. An unnamed subspecies of blue whale is found in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, particularly in the Chiloense Ecoregion, and migrates to lower latitude areas, including the Galapagos Islands and the eastern tropical Pacific. Thus, this Plan stresses the importance of a multinational approach to management. The migratory movements of these whales are largely unknown, but may be driven by oceanographic changes associated with monsoons. Prepared by Reeves R.R., P.J. Numerous organizations around the country are trained and ready to respond. The best available science suggests the gestation period is approximately 10 to 12 months, and that blue whale calves are nursed for about 6 to 7 months. Information from this research is used in management actions that protect the blue whale and reduce human-related deaths. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 76. COSEWIC status appraisal summaries are working documents used in assigning the status of wildlife species suspected of being at risk in Canada. Thus, it is believed that; this area is likely an important calving and nursing area for the species. Scientists can estimate age by counting the layers of waxlike earplugs collected from deceased whales. Action Plan for Blue, Fin, Sei and North Pacific Right Whales (Balaenoptera musculus, B. physalus, B. borealis, and Eubalaena japonica) in Canadian Pacific Waters (2017) Multi-species Action Plan for Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site (2016) Blue whales typically swim at about 5 miles an hour while they are feeding and traveling, but can accelerate to more than 20 miles an hour for short bursts. Investigate Human-Caused Potential Threats and, Should They Be Determined to Be Limiting Blue Whale Recovery, Take Steps to Minimize Their Occurrence and Severity. Additionally, this Plan provides a strategy to improve our understanding regarding how potential threats may be limiting blue whale recovery. IUCN: Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Endangered) Listed animal in CITES Appendix I; Smithsonian Institution - North American Mammals: Balaenoptera musculus; Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Vessel strikes can injure or kill blue whales. Today, there are 10,000 to 25,000 blue whales remaining. Blue Whale Photographs, Phillip Colla Photography, Tree of Life Web Project. The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, is an environmental treaty of the United Nations that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory animals and their habitats. Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Laing Ngalan; Sibbaldius sulfureus Cope, 1869 Balaena musculus Linnaeus, 1758. Additional threats include ocean noise, habitat degradation, pollution, vessel disturbance, and long-term changes in climate. Vernacular names Coordinate Federal and International Measures to Maintain International Regulation of Whaling for Blue Whales. Fish and Wildlife Service and other federal, tribal, state, and local agencies, as well as nongovernmental organizations and private citizens. Studying whales’ habitat preferences and feeding ecology. It is estimated that the global population of Blue Whales is in the range of 10,000 to 25,000 or about 3 to 11% of the 1911 population. The blue whale is a large baleen whale. Species: Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Blue Whale, Ballena azul, rorqual bleu : Direct Children: Subspecies: Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda Ichihara, 1966 – Pygmy Blue Whale : Subspecies: Balaenoptera musculus indica Blyth, 1859 – Great Indian Rorqual, Northern Indian Ocean blue whale : Subspecies NOAA Fisheries is working to minimize effects from human activities that are detrimental to the recovery of blue whale populations. Precautions vessel operators can take include: Keep a sharp lookout for whales, including posting additional crew lookouts on the bow, if possible. Citation: Syst. Common Name: Blue Whale Learn who you should contact when you encounter a stranded or injured marine animal >. Identify, Characterize, Protect, and Monitor Habitat Important to Blue Whale Populations. They generally spend summers feeding in polar waters and undertake lengthy migrations towards the Equator as winter arrives. The genus Balaenoptera contains the following extant species and subspecies: Whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Some strandings can serve as indicators of ocean health, giving insight into larger environmental issues that may also have implications for human health and welfare. Balaenoptera musculus is in Lineage III, which also includes the sei whale, Bryde's whale, omura whale, and the eden whale, Balaenoptera edeni. Observe all small whales from a safe distance of at least 100 yards by sea or land. The results of this research are used to inform management decisions and enhance recovery efforts for this endangered species. Once entangled, whales may drag and swim with attached gear for long distances, ultimately resulting in fatigue, compromised feeding ability, or severe injury, which may lead to reduced reproductive success and death. Fish & Wildlife Service Endangered Species, Hundreds of Blue Whales Spotted Off California Coast (Sept. 18, 2010), Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department, “Why there is hope that the world’s coral reefs can be saved”, THE BANDA ARC, Life in Alor and the Banda Sea (4k), Trying to Make Sense of This Overwhelming World. Author: Linnaeus, 1758. Stay at least 100 yards away. The U.S. Atlantic and Alaska Regions numbers have plummeted, scientists study unusual mortality events Pilot for more information Group! Is working to minimize effects from human activities that are detrimental to the Sea. 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