July and August are the busiest months, but they also have the most frequent transit schedules to more remote Greek islands and perfect weather for outdoor adventures and day trips. The Mediterranean climate of Greece is subject to a number of regional and local variations based on the country’s physical diversity. April is great. The best time of year to visit Rhodes in Greece. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. Greece has a Mediterranean climate, which means mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and many hours of sunshine during the year. The subtle but complex vegetation mosaic is a product of the climatic effects of elevation, the contrast between north and south, local relief, and eight or nine millennia of human settlement and land use. DeTraci Regula is a freelance writer who has specialized in Greek travel and tours for 18 years. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. According to the dominant ideology of the Greek state, all the people of Greece are, or should be, Greek. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Greece with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Greece for next month - January. Maquis (macchie) vegetation on the Mediterranean coast, near Sithonía, Greece. In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Winter is milder to the south. July is one of the warmest months of the year and one of the most expensive at the shops; August is another hot, busy month in Greece, and the August 15th Festival of Mary and Feast of the Assumption often confuses travel schedules for the days preceding and immediately following the feast, so plan for extra travel time on your trip during mid-August. Greece has a predominantly Mediterranean type of climate (Köppen climate classification Csa, Csb) with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Forests and scrub are found at the highest elevations; black pine forests cover Mount Ólympos. Greece has constantly enjoyed the three major seasons and it was no different before. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Warm weather lingers most years into the first half of October while shop and tourist attraction prices slowly begin their decline into the shoulder season of late fall. In summer (June to August), dry hot days are often relieved by stiff evening breezes, especially in the north, on the islands and in coastal areas. Winters are cool, but not freezing—temperatures average around 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius). In April, the weather improves throughout Greece, while prices stay low. If you're a fan of winter sports, visiting Greece in January is the height of ski season; however, after a brisk start with New Year's Day and Epiphany, the rest of January is relatively quiet in terms of events. Reptile and marine life have come under increasing pressure, the former by overdevelopment and the latter by exhaustive fishing. A great variety of climate subtypes, always within the Mediterranean climate frame, are encountered in several regions of Greece. Migrations, invasions, imperial conquests, and 20th-century wars all contributed to this cultural diversity, which continues to characterize modern Greece—in spite of several instances of population exchanges, which occurred as a result of treaties between Greece and Bulgaria in 1919 and between Greece and Turkey in 1923, along with long-standing government policies of assimilation, or Hellenization. Since most schools around the world are still in session during this month, May offers an inexpensive and crowd-free experience during one of the best weather months of the year. Climate data and weather averages in Rhodes. Climate in Greece Despite its small size, Greece has a varied climate. The east of the Pindus mountain range is generally drier and windier in summer Climate data and weather averages in Athens. What to pack: Temperatures are gradually warming up during the spring, but light layers are still recommended for the cooler nights. Greece is located in the eastern Mediterranean, and thanks to its position it enjoys the classic Mediterranean climate, which presents mild and rainy winters and hot and very arid summers. The lowest average annual temperatures in Greece occurred in the decade of 1970 up to the beginning of 1980, due mainly to the very cold summer… Read about the climate of the Greek Islands and mainland courtesy of Peter Sommer Travels Partly as a result, Thessaloníki (Salonika; Thessalonica) has an average January temperature in the low 40s F (about 6 °C), while in Athens it is in the low 50s F (about 10 °C), and in Iráklieo (Candia) on Crete it is in the low to mid-50s F (about 12 °C). Due to the country's geographical position, its rugged relief and its distribution between the mainland and the sea, there is great variation in Greece's climate. In some years, Carnival season begins in February, which can liven up the month considerably. It has been proven that since the end of 1990s the temperature of Greece has been increasing, especially … Greece is home to about 6,000 species of wildflowers, of which some 600 are endemic. Several microclimates, including oceanic (Köppen Cfb) in the coastal regions and alpine in the high mountains (Köppen ET), exist in the country. In Athens, the capital of Greece, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild, moderately rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. The country consists of 13 regions, called peripheries, which form the largest unit of government beneath the state. The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean climate: mild and rainy winters, relatively warm and dry summers and, generally, extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year. We can divide Greece into two major categories as per its Ancient Greek Climate i.e. The country falls within the area of subtropics, which traditionally occupies the territories between 30th and 40th parallel. Topography is again a modifying factor: the interior northern mountains continue to experience some precipitation, while along the winding coast the afternoon heat is eased slightly by sea breezes. Greece is located in Europe, next to Italy, on the Mediterranean Sea. Summers were hot, winters cold and just about enough rain in the monsoon. Vegetation types from central Europe prevail on the mountain flanks and generally in the north. SantoriniSantorini has a semi-arid climate with warm weather from May through September. In other regions, such as Crete, the hot, dry summers are accentuated by the parching meltemi, or etesian winds, which become drier as they are drawn southward. Winters can be cloudy and sometimes gloomy, but never incredibly cold. The climate of Greece itself is Mediterranian, a variety of subtropical climate. You also might need a heavier jacket if you're planning to catch the last of the ski season, but pack layers of clothing if you want to take advantage of the last of the winter sale prices at local indoor shops. The western climatic influences bring plenty of precipitation to the Ionian coast and the mountains behind it; winter rain starts early, and snow lingers into spring. Mediterranean climate . Temperatures average 84 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius) in August but can exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). This icy wind is known as the boreas. The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean.However, due to the country's unique geography, Greece has a remarkable range of micro-climates and local variations. Degraded plant associations (areas where the variety and size of species and the density of plant cover are reduced) and soil erosion are common. 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